Ombrfila Forest

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These deposits have been explored for mineradoras that, in some cases, they cause turbidez problem, when made above of the water captations for supplying of Joinville. (GONALVES, 2004) In the Mountain range of the Sea it is common to find beautiful waterfalls, as of the River of the Silver, Quiriri and Salto of the River Cubato. The forest that has covered the hillsides of the Mountain range of the Sea is presented as a great green mass where the pantries of the trees are so closed, that of far it does not allow to perceive its trunks, forming a great green carpet. Inside of the forest, the light of the sun filtered for the pantries of the trees supplies rendilhado of light and shades. Some parts of this green carpet are original, that is, they are unbroken e, most, they are secondary, identifiable forests for the elegant presence of guapuruvu (Schizolobium parahybun) with its florada one turns yellow in general in the April month, embaba (Cecropia pachystachya) they will jacatiro and it (Tibouchina mutabilis) with its florada one in different tones of rose. (GONALVES, 2004) the original Forest is called Primary that it possesss as characteristic main, a forest developed with little entrance of light, having trees that reach up to 30 m of height and great dimetros, on average 2 meters, being that many times, this value is surpassed, with trees having shown more than 10 meters of circumference. The typical trees are the cedar (Cedrela fissilis) palmito (Euterpe edullis), the laranjeira-do-weeds (Xanthoxylum tingoassuiba), the figueira-white (guaranitica Fcus), the wood-blood (Croton celtidifolius) and maaranduba (Manilkara bidentata). (GONALVES, 2004) Another type of vegetation that deserves prominence is called De Campos of Altitude, that occurs generally above of 900m in the high one of the mountain ranges and on plateaus, determining the transistion of Dense the Ombrfila Forest (Atlantic) for Mixing the Ombrfila Forest (Forest of Araucria), presenting a clean vegetation De Campos where the herbaceous species of grassy predominate and the dirty fields with the ciliares bushes (in the edges of the rivers) and of gallery.

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